DAMPAK KEBIJAKAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM (Study Tentang Lahirnya Kelas Elit Muslim di Indonesia)

Latifatul Khasanah(1*),

(1) STIT Islamic Village Tangerang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Education which applied in Indonesia influenced by many factors, for example: government political policy. Government policies ranging from colonial, pre independence day, post independence day until the new orde seemed to ignore Islamic education. This problem causing Islamic education institution have many weakness that have to find a solution. Islamic education institution lack of human resource, management, and fund. Muslims have not been able to optimally actualize Islam transformatively. Islamic education is less attractive to the public. This weakness can be solved due to the struggle of muslims and Islamic figure and the increase of government attention to Islamic education. Thus making various policies and regulations that bring Islamic education and Islamic education institutions increasingly play a role in the implementation of education in general in Indonesia. This can be seen from the number of recitation in hotels, the development of religious music, Muslim Television, Muslim newspaper and many young designer appeared to make a fashion trend in many national and international events.

Keywords


Policy , Islamic Education, Muslim Elite Class

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abuddin Nata, Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia: Tantangan dan Peluang, Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar dalam Bidang Sejarah dan Filsafat Pendidikan Islam pada Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Pendidikan

____________, Manajemen Pendidikan Mengatasi Kelemahan Pendidikan di Indonesia, (Jakarta: Kencana, 2005)

Al-Qur’an terjemahan Departemen Agama RI

‘Abdul Fattāh Jalīl, Min Uṣūl al-Tarbawiyyah fī al-Islām (Kairo: t.p., 1997)

Al-Ghazālī, Ihyā ‘Ulūm al-Dīn, Jilid I, (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, t.th.)

Ali Fauzi, The Islamic Turn in Indonesia: A Political Explanation, The Journal of Asian Studies 55, No. 3 (Agustus), 1996a

Bahtiar Effendy, Jalan Tengah Politik Islam, (Cet. I; Jakarta: Ushul Press, 2005)

Budiman Arief, From Lower to Middle Class: Political Activites Before and After 1988, In David Bourchier and John Legge, eds., Democracy in Indonesia 1950s and 1990s,

BP7 Pusat, Undang-Undang Dasar, P4, GBHN, Jakarta: t.p., 1990

Departemen Agama RI, Informasi Kelembagaan Agama Islam, “Dokumen”

E. Mulyasa,Manajemen Berbasis Sekolah, Konsep Strategi dan Aplikasi, (Cet. III; Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya, 2003)

Hamlan, Politik Pendidikan Islam Dalam Konfigurasi Sistem Pendidikan Di Indonesia, Jurnal Studia Islamika, vol.X, No. 1, 01 Juni, 2013

H.A. Malik Fadjar, et.al, Tim Nasional Reformasi Menuju Masyarakat Madani Kelompok Pendidikan dan Penembangan SDM, Flatform Reformasi Pendidikan dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia, (Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pembinaan Kelembagaan Agama Islam Departemen Agama RI, 1999)

Husni Rahim, Madrasah dalam Politik Pendidikan di Indonesia, (Cet. I; Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu, 2005)

¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬________________, Kebijakan Direktur Jenderal Kelembagaan Agama Islam di Bidang Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan Islam, (Dokumen Departemen Agama RI, 2001)

Tim Redaksi Fokusmedia, Himpunan Peraturan Perundang-undangan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional, Bandung: Fokusmedia, 2006

Sunanto Musyrifah, Sejarah Peradaban Islam Indonesia, (Cet. I; Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2005)

Syam Firdaus, Amin Rais dan Yusril Ihza Mahendra di Pentas Indonesia Modern, (Cet. I; Jakarta: Khairul Bayan, 2003), h. 48.

Ira M. Lapidus, Sejarah Sosial Umat Islam, bagian ketiga, (Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 1999)

Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 34 tahun 1972 tentang Tanggung Jawab Fungsional Pendidikan dan Latihan, “Dokumen” Kantor Sekretariat Negara RI

Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 15 tahun 1974 tentang Pelaksanaan Keputusan Presiden Nomor 34 tahun 1972, “Dokumen” Sekretariat Negara RI.

www.wikipedia.com (Diakses tanggal 23 Juni 2018)

Indra Jati Sidi, Kebijakan Penyelenggaraan Otonomi Daerah Bidang Pendidikan, (Makalah) (Bandung: PPS UPI, 2000).

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 22 tahun 2006 tentang Standar Isi Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah

M. Syafi’I Anwar, Pemikiran dan Aksi Islam Indonesia. Sebuah Kajian Politik tentang Cendikiawan Muslim Orde Baru. Jakarta: Penerbit Paramadina. 1995

Mitsuo Nakamura, The Emergence of Islamizing Middle Class and the Dialectics of Political Islam in the New Order of Indonesia: Preludes to Informations of the ICMI. A paper presented at Honolulu’s seminar on Islam and the Social Construction of Identities: Comparative Perspective on Southeast Asian Muslim. 4- 6 August, 1993

Hefner, Robert W. 1993. Islam, State, and Civil Society: ICMI and the Struggle for the Indonesia Middle Class. Indonesia. Number 56 (October), 1993 dan Islamization and Democratization in Indonesia. In Hefner, Robert W. and Patricia Horvatich, eds., Islam in an Era of Nation-States, Politics and Religious Renewal in Muslim Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press. 1997a

Kuntowijoyo. Muslim Kelas Menengah Indonesia 1910-1950: Sebuah Pencarian Identitas, Prisma No. 11, 1995, hal. 35-51.

Ramage, Douglas E, Politics in Indonesia. Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance. London and New York: Routledge.1995

Nico Daryanto, Kelas Menengah dan Budaya Politik Sipil di Indonesia (makalah untuk Seminar Proses Demokratisasi di Indonesia diselenggarakan oleh Yayasan Paramadina 5 Agustus 1989),

Ricahrd Robison. The middle class and the bourgeoisie in Indonesia. In Richard Robison and David S.G. Goodman, eds., The New Rich in Asia, Mobile Phones, McDonald’s and Middle Class Revolution. London and New York: Routledge1993

Samuel P Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon and Schuster, 199

Pierre Bourdieu, An Outline of a Theory of Practice. trans. Richard Nice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,1977

John B.Thompson, “Bourdieu on ‘habitus.’” In Patrick Joyce, ed., Class. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995

Pierre Bourdieu and Jean-Claude Passeron. 1977. Reproduction in Education, Society, and Culture. London and Beverly Hills: Sage, 1977

Keaton, Trica Danielle. 1999. “Muslim Girls and the ‘Other France’: An Examination of Identity Construction.” Social Identities. Volume 5, Number 1, 1999

Ummat, “Mariana Ramelan. Tahajudku Cuma untuk Keluarga,” No. 16 Thn. 1996, I, 19 Februari

Harian Republika 4 Nopember 1998 dan 21 Februari 1999

Arief Budiman. 1994. “From Lower to Middle Class: Political Activites Before and After 1988.” In David Bourchier and John Legge, eds., Democracy in Indonesia 1950s and 1990s, pp. 289-235. Melbourne: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies Monash University. 1994,

Liddle, R. William. “The Islamic Turn in Indonesia: A Political Explanation.” The Journal of Asian Studies 55, No. 3 (Agustus), 1996a

R. William Liddle, ICMI dan Masa Depan Politik Islam di Indonesia, dalam Nasrullah,1995

Tatang Sumarsono, Sajadah panjang Bimbo : 30 tahun perjalanan kelompok musik religious, Mizan, Jakarta, 1998

Tempo, Islam Kosmopolitan dalam Berita. 9 Januari, 1993

Rahardjo, Dawam. 1989. “Assalamu’alaikum.” Ulumul Qur’an No. 1 (I).

Majalah Tempo,Islam Kosmopolitan dalam Berita, 3 Januari, 1987.

Ummat, Mutiara Tasawuf di Hutan Beton, No. 9 Thn. III, 15 September/13 Jumadil Awal 1418H, 1997

Undang-Undang Otonomi Daerah edisi terbaru, (Cet. I; Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005)

Majalah Gatra, 23 Januari 1999.

Wawancara dengan Ibu Siti Nawarotil Farichah, saat penulis bertemu di kementrian agama untuk mengurusi pendaftaran haji, 10 Februari 2018.


Article metrics

Abstract views : 91 | views : 73


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33853/istighna.v2i1.8

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.33853/istighna.v2i1.8.g9

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Latifatul Khasanah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.